Scandinavia and the great powers 1890 1940 cambridge university press 2002.
Scandinavian democracy. Citizens pay relatively high taxes and the government isn t afraid of spending big on public projects. Norway is on the top of the list followed by iceland sweden new zealand and denmark. The nordic model comprises the economic and social policies as well as typical cultural practices common to the nordic countries denmark finland iceland norway and sweden.
Social democracy explained scandinavia and the nordic countries can be best described as social democracies. The constitution of norway drafted in 1814 when norway left the 434 year union with denmark was influenced by british political traditions the constitution of the united states and french revolutionary ideas. Democratic socialism purports to combine majority rule with state control of the means of production.
This includes a comprehensive welfare state and multi level collective bargaining based on the economic foundations of social corporatism with a high percentage of the workforce unionized and a large percentage of the. The age of social democracy. Effectively they re democratic countries in which its citizens are well cared for.
Some refer to this as democratic socialism though this is far from correct. Norway and sweden in the twentieth century princeton up 2011. The latest edition of the economist s democracy index reveals that the scandinavian countries rank among the most democratic nations in the world.
However social democracy is a capitalistic system where the state intervenes in the economy with regulations welfare and strong social protections without interrupting the private ownership of. The united states was downgraded to a flawed democracy in a recent index that examined 167 countries. Scandinavian nations are occasionally labeled democratic socialist for example pz myers wrote how about if the comparison is between say a ragingly capitalist country like the usa and a socialist democracy like sweden still scandinavians are more often called social democrats.
America must embrace democratic socialism a socioeconomic system that seemingly works very well in the scandinavian countries like sweden which are by some measures better off than the united states. Though contested as possibly the longest running parliament the democracy in iceland is seen contradictorily because of its pause of 45 years in 1800. Traces the history of the scandinavian social model after 1905.
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