Ancient Scandinavian Culture
Cooperative egalitarian and practical never showy acquisitive or excessive culture in the three scandinavian countries.
Ancient scandinavian culture. The viking culture was scandinavian with society divided into three classes the jarls aristocracy karls lower class and thralls slaves. Godfred probably overlord over the federated south scandinavia faced a powerful enemy the holy roman emperor charlemagne. Scandinavian society viking society rested on wealth from raids and commerce and consisted of a landed aristocracy with farmer tenants who had the right and obligation to attend local courts.
Norse mythology refers to the scandinavian mythological framework that was upheld during and around the time of the viking age c. In rather simplistic terms these may be said to represent the forces of good and evil. The only general assembly was the allthing of iceland established 930 the oldest continuous parliamentary body in existence.
Mycenaean greece the villanovan culture phoenicia and ancient egypt have all been identified as possible sources of influence in scandinavian artwork from this period. An early important scandinavian warlord was the danish godfred also spelled gottrick or gudfred who by 800 ce had a capital at hedeby inherited his status from his father and an army set to attack his neighbors. Upward mobility was possible for karls but not thralls.
Slavery was widely practiced throughout scandinavia and is considered one of the prime motivators for the viking raids on other lands. Sweden norway and denmark as well as in their nordic cousins finland and iceland does seem to have achieved a perfect balance of personal comfort economic strength and societal welfare. These results published in the plos biology agree with archaeological observations that the earliest occurrences of the new stone tool technology in scandinavia were recorded in finland.
In scandinavian folklore there are numerous races of beings the best known of which apart from human beings are the gods and the jötnar their nemesis.
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